Livingstone, S., Hadon, L, Gorzif, A & Olafsson, K. (2011). EU Kids Online. London School of Economics and Political Science.
Six years on from a first report about how kids in the UK use the web (some harrowing accounts about their not-so-critical consumption of content - intel on this is covered here by a long-time-ago-self: notes from the project director’s keynote address at the Association of Internet Researcher’s conference in Chicago in 2005), this is a cross-national study based out of the London School of Economics. It’s not just Europe: also includes comparisons w USA, Russia, Australia & Brazil.
…to enhance knowledge of the experiences and practices of European children and parents regarding risky and safer use of the internet and new online technologies, in order to inform the promotion of a safer online environment for children.
Here are notes & quotes:
big overall sample: 25,000 European children and their parents in 25 countries (1K each).
Internet use is increasingly individualised, privatised an mobile: 9-16 yo internet users spend 88 minutes per day online, on average.. 49% go online in their bedroom, 33% go online via a mobile phone or handheld device.
don’t be afraid of risk:
risky opportunities allow children to experiment online with relationships, intimacy and identity. This is vital for growing up if children are to learn to cope with the adult world
the UK falls into the “higher use, some risk”:
HIgh internet use in a country is rarely associated with low risk; and high risk is rarely associated with low use; rather, across countries, the more use, the more risk
…risk must be distinguished from harm
Children often tell a friend, followed by a parent, when something online upsets them, and they try a range of pro-active strategies online, thought these don’t always work and some children are more fatalistic in their responses to online harm
interes stats associated w “risky behaviours” (NOTE - ALL LESS THAN 50%):
- 40% have looked for new friends on the internet
- 34% have added people to my friends list or address book that i have never met face-to-face
- 16% have pretended to be a different kind of person on the internet from what i really am
- 15% have sent personal information to someone that i have never met face to face
- 14% have sent a photo or video of myself to someone that I have never met face to face
And with regards to social networking sites like Facebook:
- 38% 9-12 yo and 77% 13-16yo have a profile on a social networking site (SNS)
- 20% 9-12yo and 46% 13-16yo use Facebook as their main SNS
- 27% 9-12yo display an incorrect age on their SNS profile
Children surely have the right to use services where many social activities – for governmental, artistic, citizen groups, news,educational offerings and more – take place. But to enable these opportunities, some risks should be further mitigated.
- 29 per cent of 9-12 year olds and 27 per cent of 13-16 year olds have their profile “public”, though this varies according to the country and the SNS used.
- A quarter of SNS users communicate online with people unconnected to their daily lives, including one fifth of 9-12 year olds.
- One fifth of children whose profile is public display their address and/or phone number, twice as many as for those with private profiles.
- One in six 9-12 year olds and one in three 13-16 year olds have more than 100 contacts on their SNS profile.
- Compared with those who do not use SNSs, SNS users are significantly more likely to report seeing sexual images, receiving sexual or bullying messages or meeting online
- contacts offline – though for each risk, the overall incidence is fairly low